Global Popularity of Persian Rugs

Persian carpets are not only an inseparable part of the art and culture of Persia but also world famous for their aesthetic beauty and durability. It is among the most distinguished cultural and artistic manifestation of Persia. The exports of these hand-woven carpets from Iran alone were about $420 million in 2008, around 30{c89a6dffdd0ee67d4aa3f3b61895d244099b0eeaaf5e7c2263da4c500c6f29a9} of the global market for carpets. In Iran, an estimated 1.2 million weavers produce these carpets for local markets as well as for international exports to more than 100 countries. That country is producing every year the famous Persian rugs to the extent of nearly five million square meters and 80{c89a6dffdd0ee67d4aa3f3b61895d244099b0eeaaf5e7c2263da4c500c6f29a9} of these carpets get exported to international markets. However, other countries have also entered this lucrative carpet market and Iran is facing a fair amount of competition. Still, most of these countries either copy the original designs of Iran to reproduce the same patterns and weaving styles or offer cheaper substitutes.

Types of Carpets

Still, Iran is leading in the production of handmade , with about 75{c89a6dffdd0ee67d4aa3f3b61895d244099b0eeaaf5e7c2263da4c500c6f29a9} of the total global output of handmade carpets coming from Iran. The total output of handmade carpets from this country is 5,624.9 square meters or 60,456 square feet. However, machine-made carpets have also begun to appear in Iran. The Persian carpets are classified into three types according to their size. The carpets greater than 6′ x 4′ by size are known as Farsh or Qali, while those with sizes lesser than 6′ x 4′ are termed as Qalichech. The third type is called Gelim, which a rough carpet, which is basically a nomadic carpet made out of flat weaves and pile rugs, known as soumak and kilim.

Materials Used

The most common material used for weaving carpets is wool but cotton is also frequently used for carpets used in workshops. Even in wool, a wide range of wool types are used for carpet weaving. The main wool types are Manchester wool, Kork wool, and camel hair wool in a few instances. It made of silk are also available but they are not preferred as much as woolen due to their high costs and lesser durability. Hence, silk are normally used as tapestries displayed on walls instead of being used as coverings for floors.

Weaving of Rugs with Motifs, Designs, and Patterns

The Persian rugs normally have designs and layouts that include a single motif or several motifs blended artistically. The Iran rugs Company has identified 19 groups of designs and patterns in these carpets. They are

The design of this is the way in which the pattern gets organized in the rug. One carpet might have a single basic design covering the entire, while another might contain repeating patterns of one design.